The project area of PTFI covers a land of 292,000 hectares in the Papua Province, Indonesia. Around 26,000 hectares (9% of the overall contract area) is used for the mineral production and extraction activities. The overall South Papua area shows a high endemic level and has the highest biodiversity rate in Southeast Asia.

Papilio Ulysses Autolycus is the most beautiful butterfly in Papua that lives in the Freeport Indonesia reclamation center

It borders with the Lorentz National Park, a World Heritage Site and the largest conservation area in Southeast Asia (more than two million hectares). This national park is the only conservation area in the world that covers continuous integrated transect, from the high mountains until the tropical sea area, including a very wide wet land in the surrounding and along the coast line. PT. Freeport Indonesia has conducted a lot of biodiversity studies, in addition to supporting researchers of the third party and the community education program. We also support the development of the knowledge basis, which is needed for the long term management of the national park.

Since 2006 until now, PTFI has released nearly 25,000 pig snout turtles (Carretochelys Insculpta) to their habitat in Papua

Jointly with the Indonesian and international experts, PT. Freeport Indonesia continuously implements the environmental monitoring program, covering the extensively flora and fauna survey in various different habitat span. Further on, a Standard Operation Procedure (SOP) for management of biodiversity is being developed. In 2010 PT. Freeport Indonesia sponsored the First International Conference of Papua Province on Biodiversity; sharing information on environmental management practices with academicians, government agencies, environmental non-government organizations, and students for all over the world.

Mud crabs (Sarmatium Germaini) live in the estuary of the tailings deposition area

We have implemented, facilitated and supported many ecological studies and biodiversity to facilitate effective biodiversity management. Those biodiversity studies were jointly implemented with Indonesian or international experts, covering the survey on vegetation, ethno-botanical, herbal, mammal, bird, butterfly, amphibian, reptile, fish, soil, fauna, as well as water and land insects. The available information indicate the possibility of 50 species included in the Threatened Species Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which is mostly caused by scarce data, since a lot of work should still be implemented in this area.